A miniature UAV or Small UAV (SUAV), is an unmanned aerial car little enough to be man-portable.
Miniature UAVs vary from micro air cars (MAVs) which is carried by an infantryman, to man-portable UAVs which is carried plus established like an infantry anti-aircraft missile.
MAVs & mesicopters
The idea which little, even truly tiny, UAVs could have useful uses arose inside the early 1990s. In 1992, DARPA conducted a workshop titled "Future Technology-Driven Revolutions In Military Operations". One of the subjects inside the workshop was "mobile microrobots". The idea of utilizing really little "microdrones" was discussed, plus following initial skepticism the idea began to gain momentum.
The RAND Corporation introduced a paper found on the microdrone concept inside 1994 which was generally circulated. DARPA conducted a series of "paper studies" plus workshops found on the concept inside 1995 plus 1996, leading to early technology research by the Lincoln Laboratories at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), as well as the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) inside Washington DC.
The research demonstrated which the idea was feasible. In 1997, DARPA then started a multi-year, $35 million USD development system to develop "micro air cars (MAVs)". The MAV project's objectives was to develop a microdrone whose biggest dimension was no over 15 centimeters (6 inches); might carry a day-night imager; have an stamina of about 2 hours; plus be low expense. It might work with a excellent degree of autonomy to be utilized inside the squad-level fight environment. MAVs capable of hovering plus vertical flight will be employed to scout out buildings for urban fight plus countertop terrorist operations. A MAV can be included inside a pilot's survival kit. A downed pilot may utilize it to keep track of enemy look parties, or relay communications to look plus rescue units.
This phase-one DARPA research ended inside 2001, plus was followed with a phase-two research which focused about specific providers with an aim to develop MAVs closer to operational specification. A amount of different MAVs were developed because piece of these DARPA efforts:
Lockheed Sanders "Microstar"
The Lockheed Sanders MicroSTAR series of prototypes. The battery-operated MicroSTAR designs resembled kid's toys. An initial shape had a fat teardrop body with stubby cropped-delta wings running along almost all of the body, and a single vertical tailplane along with a pusher propeller. A later variation had winglets rather of the single vertical tailplane, and